How to carry out a literature review for a dissertation or research paper

How to approach the literature review:

How to carry out a literature review for a dissertation or research paper

Tags Introduction Methodology is perhaps the most challenging and laborious part of research work. This means that your methodology chapter should clearly state whether you chose to use quantitative or qualitative data collection techniques or a mixture of both.

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You will be required to provide justifications as to why you preferred a certain method over the others. If you are trying to figure out exactly how to write methodology or how to structure methodology of research or dissertation then this article will point you in the right direction.

It is imperative for students to make sure that deep down they know the academic basis for choosing certain methods of research. What Are the Typical Contents of Methodology The methodology generally acts as a guideline or plan to exactly how you intend to carry out your research.

This is especially true for students who are required to submit their methodology chapter before carrying out the research. The most common contents of methodology are research design, philosophical approach, data collection methods, research limitations, ethical considerations, and data analysis methods.

For those who are submitting their dissertation as a single paper, then their methodology should also touch on any modifications that they had to make as their work progressed.

However, it is vitally important to provide academic justifications to all choices made by the researcher. Choosing your Methodology and Research Design As indicated previously, the theme of your methodology chapter should be related to your literature research and research questions.

You can visit your college or university library to find text books and articles that provide information about the most commonly employed methods of research. An intensive read of such books can help you to devise your research philosophy and choose the appropriate methods.

Any limitations or weaknesses of your chosen research approach should also be explained as well as the methods to overcome them. Use the arguments for and against articulated in the literature to clarify why you decided to choose this research design and why the research limitations are irrelevant in your research.

How to Structure Methodology Chapter of your Dissertation The typical structure of the methodology chapter is as follows: Generally, this section will shed light on how you collected your data.

The researcher will have to justify their choice of data collection methods such as literature research, interviews, phone surveys, online surveys and so on.

Moreover, choice of data sampling should also be clearly explained with focus on how you made the choice of ethnicity, group, profession and age of the participants. What type of questions you intend to ask to the respondents and how will they help to answer your research questions or how will they help to test the hypothesis of research?

It is recommended to prepare these questions at the very start of your research; when you develop your research aim and questions. This approach can allow for you the room to change or modify research questions if your methods of data collection are not giving the desired results.

In short, you will need to make sure that the data you are going to collect relates to the topic you are exploring. The complexity and length of research design section will vary depending on your academic subject and the scope of your research but any well written research design will have the following characteristics: Throw light on alternative research design options and provide justification as to why your chosen research design is the best to address the research problem.

Include review of the existing literature as an integral part of the complete research strategy. Clearly specify the research questions that the research aims to address hypotheses. Explain how the collected data will help to address the research problem and discuss the methods your research will employ to collect the data.

Talk over the chosen methods of data analysis for testing of the hypotheses. Philosophical Approach This will discuss your chosen philosophy to strengthen your research and the research model.

The three most commonly employed research philosophies in the world of academia are interpretivism, positivism, pragmatism, constructivism and post-positivism although there several other research philosophies that you could adopt.

The choice of the philosophy will depend on many factors including your academic subjective, and the type and complexity of research study. Regardless of what philosophy is employed, you will be required to make different assumptions about the world.

Once you have chosen your research philosophy, the next step will be to describe the context of your research in order to answer all the W questions including When, Where, Why, How and What. Essentially, as a researcher you will be required to make the decision whether you will be using qualitative method, quantitative method or a mix of both.

The process of data gathering is different for each method. Typically, you would want to decide whether you are going to adopt the positivist approach; defining your hypothesis and testing it against reality.

How to carry out a literature review for a dissertation or research paper

If this is the case then you will be required to take the quantitative approach; collecting numerical data at a large scale from 30 or more respondents and testing your hypotheses with this data.Most empirical research articles follow the same pattern. The literature review chapter is in a pivotal position, after the aims and objectives but before the actual description of the research.

The actual research question is likely to come out of the literature review. Help with Writing a Paper Help! Additionally, there are free informative address papers that you are able to down load from the web.

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Create instructions of the things you’d love to do in your own search. A Guide to Writing the Dissertation Literature Review Justus J. Randolph group of people tend to carry out a certain practice. In terms of a research rationale, this fourth type of review research (i.e., review research) methods parallel primary research methods, it makes sense for the author of a.

Research on the paper. Take your time and find out as much information as you need for this task, so that by the time you are through, it will be factual. > How to carry out a literature review for a dissertation or research paper. How to carry out a literature review for a dissertation or research paper.

Author: October 7, Animals. Ielts essay pdf health about culture essay trees in gujarati not belonging essay naruto. By Margaret Adolphus The purpose of the literature review. All literature reviews should be more than a mere description of the current state of knowledge of an area, and should critically evaluate the theoretical positions and research studies, drawing attention to major debates.

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